Faces of Civil War Medicine

by Lori Eggleston. 0 Comments

     Though my job does focus on caring for and displaying artifacts, not all of the displays at my museum contain artifacts.  One of the newer displays at the National Museum of Civil War Medicine is a video display titled, “Faces of Civil War Medicine.”  It features images and descriptions of people who have an association with Civil War medicine.  Of course this includes the surgeons and assistant surgeons, but it also covers nurses, hospital stewards, ambulance drivers, wounded soldiers, and even some civilians.  As the title of the display implies, it allows our visitors to see some of the actual faces of the people involved in the story of Civil War medicine.  It’s much more compelling to be able to see the human side of a story.

The Faces of Civil War Medicine is one of the first displays visitors see at the museum!



     Here are just a few of the faces in our display:


Henry Alanson Barnum – Union Colonel Born: September 24, 1833, in Jamesville New York Served: Captain and Major of the 12th New York Infantry April 1861; Colonel of the 149th New York Infantry September 1862 to January 1866 Died: January 29, 1892 in New York City Photo courtesy of the Otis Historical Archives


     Colonel Barnum was wounded in July 1862.  The wound through his side had passed through his hip bone and was considered fatal.  He was left in a field hospital where he was taken prisoner, then exchanged within a month.  Barnum led his unit at Gettysburg while still recovering, and later received two more wounds.  The first wound never fully healed, although he was in comparatively good health.  He died of pneumonia.


Edson D. Bemis – Union Private Born: April 16, 1841 in Chester, Massachusetts Served: Private 15th Massachusetts Infantry, December 1861; re-enlisted February 1864, 20th Massachusetts Infantry to July 1865 Died: November 9, 1900 in North Brookfield, Massachusetts. Photo courtesy of the Otis Historical Archives


     Private Bemis was wounded three times during the war; his left arm was fractured by a musket ball in 1862; he received a severe abdominal wound in 1864; and his skull was fractured in 1865.  Part of the temporal bone lodged in his brain and was removed, but the wound healed and his mental facilities were not impaired.  His death at age 59 was “cerebral degeneration as a result of gunshot wounds during the Civil War.”

Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson – Confederate General Born: January 21, 1824 in Clarksburg, Virginia Served: General, April 1861 – May 1863 Died: May 10, 1863 in Fairfield, Virginia Photo courtesy of the National Archives and Records Administration


     After military service in the Mexican War, Jackson became an instructor at the Virginia Military Academy.  He joined the Confederate Army in April 1861.  He was seriously wounded at Chancellorsville in May 1863 when accidentally shot by Confederate troops, and his left arm was amputated near the shoulder.  He was recovering from the amputation when he developed pneumonia and died on May 10.

John Lynch – Union Sergeant Born: May 14, 1843 in Westford, Vermont Served: Private, Corporal, Sergeant, 11th CT Infantry 1861 to 1865 Died: April 14, 1906 in Pepperell, Massachusetts Photo courtesy of Jon Regan


     John Lynch apparently claimed to be 19 years old when he enlisted at the age of 16.  Though he was hospitalized for a hernia, unlike many of the other young soldiers, Lynch did not suffer debilitating health issues which would have limited his usefulness as a soldier. Rather, he served throughout the war, enlisting twice, and being promoted to sergeant – also twice, since he had been reduced in rank for disobeying orders in 1864.  He is also my favorite face in the display since he is my great-great-great-grandfather!

Albert Sidney Johnston – Confederate General Born: February 2, 1803 in Washington, Kentucky Served: General 1861 – 1862 Died: April 6, 1862 at Shiloh, Tennessee Photo courtesy of the Library of Congress


     Albert Johnston graduated from West Point in 1826 and served in the U.S. Army before joining the Confederate Army at the start of the war.  At the battle of Shiloh he was hit in the knee by a rifle bullet.  The wound bled profusely, and while non-medical people attended to him, he bled to death.  Tragically, Johnston had a tourniquet in his pocket which could have saved his life had it been used.

     You’ll have to visit the museum to see the rest of the display!


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